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German government creates 1000 tenure-track positions for youthful researchers

German government creates 1000 tenure-track positions for youthful researchers

The German government has signed an agreement to fund 1000 fresh tenure-track positions in an attempt to improve the job situation in the country. This announcement, made on June 16 by President Angela Merkel, reflects the federal government’s efforts to retain youthful talent within the country.

Germany is one of the leading nations in science and research, but there is a dearth of permanent academic positions in the country. About 28,000 PhD and medical students graduate from German universities every year, but only some of them manage to get employed as professors. Moreover, the universities in Germany hire a limited number of permanent professors, which compels many youthful researchers to take up improvised positions. By the time they become eligible to secure a permanent post, they are in their 40s and find it difficult to carve a strong career path for themselves.

According to the agreement, which will last from 2017 to 2032, the federal government will fund a professor’s position for the very first six years. It will extend the support for up to two more years for those who earn tenure. However, after this time framework, the state-funded universities will need to take on the financial responsibility. Since the agreement fund will mainly cover the costs of the salaries, the researchers will have to acquire grants to support their research. The researchers will be hired in two swings in 2017 and 2019, respectively.

This budge by the government has brought hope among the German academics. Christian Schafer at the German Academic Exchange Service said that, “It’s the very first time that the federal government, as far as I know, is investing such a lot of money into the careers of youthfull scientists.” However, some researchers have pointed out that 1000 positions are too few and that the government should create more positions in order to accommodate all the youthfull researchers in the country. Andreea Scacioc, a structural biologist in Gottingen, mentions that the pact does not reserve a quota for women, and this could lead to a disproportionate hiring ratio inbetween masculine and female researchers.

While the federal government has taken steps to support academia, universities will have to join in the efforts to bring a positive switch in the current academic landscape in the country.


University jobs: Germany to fund tenure-track posts

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Writing Sociology Papers: How Not to Plagiarize

Writing Sociology Papers: How Not to Plagiarize

By Janis Prince Inniss

This is the time of the semester when lots of papers are due. Are you working on one right now or about to ultimately get embarked? What’s your plan for turning in your paper on time? Will you simply copy all or most of it from some source? Of course, that is plagiarism, and if you’re my student, at a minimum you will receive an F. (Learn more about plagiarism here .)

As I wrote in a previous post. I had my very first practice of a student plagiarizing when I was a instructing assistant. That was a long time ago, before so many of us had computers. Today, the availability of information on the internet makes plagiarism a matter of copy and paste; you may not even need to type the words you’re stealing.

However, if your professor is anything like me, you’ll be sorry that you took this short-cut. I find plagiarism morally reprehensible. Now that’s not a sociological term, but as a writer who takes forever to write one paragraph for any professional reason, the idea that a student would blithely come along, copy my sweat, and paste it into his or her document and then be rewarded with a grade makes my blood boil. As an intellectual, words are all I have. They are my product so if anybody can come along and take them, I’m not left with anything. And that’s what intellectual property is about: wielding the efforts of your intellectual hard work.

Most of my students make declarations like, “I hate writing!”Why do we assign you writing assignments? Simply, because we think you should know how to write. (For response to the question, why write? click here .) Do you think that as a college graduate you should be able to express yourself in writing? Should you be able to write a report for work? How about composing an email to your boss or even your subordinates? Are those goals lofty? Or maybe you think that “everybody” can do those tasks.

Sadly, this is not true. I have had to rewrite elementary letters and memos composed by assistants—who were college graduates. And I receive emails sent by professionals—in a professional context—rife with basic grammar and punctuation errors. I encounter seniors in college who can’t express plain thoughts in writing.

Literacy is our capability to read and write. These are basis abilities that we expect someone with a college degree to wield; you master them with practice. Why would your professor or teacher give you an assignment to copy words? What value is there in that other than typing practice? What would you learn from that exercise? Bear in mind that the same advances in technology that make it lighter for you to cheat, also make it lighter for us to catch you! Turnitin is a website widely used by many university and high school teachers; it checks papers for “originality” by comparing them others in an enormous database. In many cases, I can lightly detect plagiarism just by reading your essay and noticing that the content matches something else I have read.

Tips on avoiding plagiarism

  • Embark your writing early so that you don’t feel so rushed that you are tempted to simply copy another person’s work.
  • Devise a system that makes clear to you when you have copied even a few words from a source. My method is to always put quotes into quotation marks—even in a draft. You’re welcome to use my method: Along with quotation marks around any set of words I copy, I always put a page number. If I’m using more than a duo sources, I also put the name of the author so that I know which of my sources supplied various information. I don’t put this in the correct citation format so my notes may look like this:

“Results indicate that most people choose brown.” P6 Wilson

  • This is significant to do even if you think you’re going to paraphrase the words later on. Note that omitting a word or two is not paraphrasing, and neither is joining two sentences from your source. For example, based on the quote above, neither of the following are paraphrases: “Results indicate that many people choose brown.” Or “Results indicate that people choose brown.”
  • Group projects are fairly common so if you haven’t already, it is likely that you will have one. If your name is on a group project, take responsibility and read the entire paper. In many cases, if you did so you would recognize any plagiarism because—like your professors will—you will notice that the writing is particularly good and includes a vocabulary unlike that of the average student.
  • It’s better to turn in a simply worded original essay that you wrote than it is to plagiarize something more elaborate that is the expression of someone else’s ideas. (Here's a latest example from The Atlantic of what can happen when we are not careful about attributing words to their writer.)

    Posted by W. W. Norton on May Nineteen, 2011 in Janis Prince Inniss

    Writing Sociology Papers: How Not to Plagiarize


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    Mouse fetuses injected with Zika virus get microcephaly

    Mouse fetuses injected with Zika virus get microcephaly

    Researchers from the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology worked together to find out whether the Asian Zika virus led to microcephaly in mammals. They injected the virus directly into the brains of fetal mice and found that embryos at a nascent stage failed to get through the virus attack. However, when fetuses were in the 2nd trimester – a stage when the neural progenitor cells intensively expand while generating fresh neurons – were administered the virus, the researchers observed that an increase in the viral blast directly corresponded to the shrinkage of the brain. Interestingly, the virus infected the neural progenitor cells, but almost all cell death was found in neurons, indicating that neurons are affected the most by the Zika virus. While the mammalian model used in the probe displayed direct evidence that the virus triggers microcephaly, the researchers want to investigate further to understand whether it prompts a similar response in humans.

    Read more in Science Daily. 

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    Ask The Desk: Stationery

    Ask The Desk: Stationery

    Yesterday on Twitter Roxtime asked

    Where do you buy writing paper?

    When she asked, I had just posted a photo of my outgoing mail on Instagram so I assumed she meant stationery rather than tied notebooks and the like.

    There are lots of lovely options for stationery and writing paper but, like notebooks, each option has its own set of criteria, costs and advantages. I hope to cover a few but please leave comments and questions if I missed something.

    If you’re looking, very first and foremost, for paper for fountain pens then I would recommend purchasing Original Crown Mill ($9 for a pad of 100 half-sheets) or G. Lalo ($12 for 50 half-sheet pad) paper and envelopes ($9-$14.50 for pack of 25), both available at Goulet Pens and other fine shops that sell fountain pens and stationery.

    Paper Source sells utter 8.Five″x11″ sheets of paper (a 10-pack is about $Two.50 however I’d avoid the metallics which tend to stand against ink more so than plain paper) in packs and could be cut in half for a more classic letter size in an array of colors. Not of all the paper will be fine for fountain pens but its a puny investment and most papers should work well with other sorts of writing devices like gel ink pens, ballpoint or rollerball. Or you could order paper directly from a paper company like French Paper — straight from the source.

    If you’re feeling particularly decadent, you could purchase some of Smythson’s fine writing paper ($25 for 50 sheets) Crane and Co. carries letter sheets, some can be personalized as well but this is not an inexpensive option.

    If you’re looking for vapid cards, Greer Chicago carries some Original Crown Mill and G. Lalo card sets with tissue-lined envelopes and deckle edges — fairly sumptuous! The Vickerey also sells a lot of European style notecard sets.

    If what you’re wanting is something with decorative designs on it, very first I’d recommend Rifle Paper Co. They have some lovely stationery sets and various vapid and folded notecards. Chronicle Books also carries lots of paper sets and blank notecards with a broad array of designs. The paper is not always the best for fountain pens, if that’s a concern but the sets are lovely and often come with stickers to seal or use to address your envelopes.

    If you still haven’t found what you’re looking for I’d recommend heading to Etsy. Some of the superb options I found were letterpress lined papers from Ilfant Press. playful letter sets from La Paperie. and lots of vintage stationery and letter sets. Just do a search for «vintage writing paper» or «vintage letter sets» and you should find lots of options to choose from.

    And eventually, if you’ve determined to go with a plain paper option but would still like to add some flourish to it, you can look about the internet for downloadable PDF files that you could copy onto your stationery. I would recommend copying one sheet very first and testing to make sure that the copier did not glaze your paper in fuser oil of other ink resistant goo before copying onto all of your lovely paper. A fine example of well-designed, free downloadable stationery is from How About Orange (showcase above).

    The latest Uppercase Stationery Guide is a excellent resource for finding a stationery shop or custom-built printer near you.

    (shoutout to Letter Writers Alliance for the Uppercase Stationery Guide peak)

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    Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines for Paper and Paper Products

    Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines for Paper and Paper Products

    ? Most of these items can be made from a diversity of printing and writing papers, depending on the spectacle characteristics of the item. Some of the papers are a commodity-type and some are specialty papers. EPA recommends that procuring agencies determine the spectacle characteristics required of the paper prior to establishing minimum content standards. Bond, ledger or stationery made from cotton fiber paper or a text & cover paper, for example, have different characteristics than similar items made from commodity papers.

    Recommended Recovered Fiber Content Levels for Glazed Printing and Writing Papers

    Covered Printing Paper

    Recommended Recovered Fiber Content Levels for Bristols

    Total Recovered Fiber (%)

    File Folders (manila and colored)

    Dyed Filing Products

    Cards (index, postal, and other, including index sheets)

    Pressboard Report Covers and Binders

    Tags and Tickets

    Vendors, Researchers and Related Organizations

    To locate vendors, researchers and other organizations about recycled content below, use the tabs below. Click on your matching area of interest for a collection of related links.

    The following links exit the site Exit

    The Report on the Availability of Printing and Writing Papers Listed in the CPG Paper RMAN fulfills the requirement in the implementing instructions of Executive Order 13423, March 29, 2007, for EPA to report to the Federal Environmental Executive on the availability of printing and writing paper with recycled content. This report can serve as a good resources to those looking to buy recycled-content paper.


    Newsprint is a type of groundwood paper generally used to print newspapers. Recovered-content newsprint is usually manufactured from fiber recovered from old newspapers and magazines. The federal government uses newsprint for printing the Federal Register, Congressional Record, and other publications.

    EPA’s Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) recommends that procuring agencies establish minimum content standards voiced as a percentage of recovered fiber, including a percentage of postconsumer fiber. For most grades, EPA recommends postconsumer fiber content. Postconsumer fiber does not include newsstand comebacks or printer’s overruns.

    Recommended Recovered Fiber Content Levels for Newsprint

    Commercial/Industrial Sanitary Tissue

    Sanitary tissue products include bathroom and facial tissue, paper towels, napkins and general-purpose industrial wipers. They are generally sold in rolls or sheets and are used in individual care, food service and cleaning applications. The grades of sanitary tissue products covered in the CPG are manufactured for use by restaurants, hotels, schools, government agencies and other similar commercial and institutional buyers. Some recycled-content sanitary tissue products are softer, stronger and more absorbent than others.

    Recommended Recovered Fiber Content Levels for Commercial/Industrial Sanitary Tissue Products

    Paperboard and Packaging

    The paperboard and packaging category covers two major types of board: “containerboard” used to make corrugated shipping containers, and “paperboard” used in a broad multitude of packaging applications such as folding cartons, blister cards, beverage carriers, book and report covers, mailing tubes, movie cassette boxes and others.

    Containerboard (corrugated board) is actually a composite paperboard made by sandwiching fluted “corrugating medium” in inbetween layers of linerboard. Linerboard, made primarily from both cherry and recovered fiber from old corrugated containers (OCC), is used to make the inward and outer walls of a box. The inwards, fluted medium layer in the middle is made from postconsumer recovered fiber from OCC, old newspapers (ONP), used office paper and mixed papers or cherry fiber.

    Paperboard containing recovered fiber is a multi-ply material, formed in layers of recovered fiber. Often grey in appearance, a white top layer made from recovered office paper is often used to provide a clean printing surface. Paperboard mills use more recovered fiber than any other segment of the paper industry to manufacture a broad multitude of product packaging (folding cartons), beverage carriers, mailing tubes, industrial paperboard (cores, drums, tubes, and cans), and many other items. Kraft padded mailers, Kraft bags, and wrapping paper made from OCC also fall under the packaging category.

    Key Resource

    Recommended Recovered Fiber Content Levels for Paperboard and Packaging Products

    1 The recovered fiber and postconsumer fiber content is calculated from the content of each component relative to the weight each contributes to the total weight of the box.
    Two The recommended content ranges are not applicable to all types of paperboard used in folding cartons. Cartons made from solid bleached sulfate or solid unbleached sulfate contain no or puny percentages of postconsumer fiber, depending on the paperboard source.
    Three Carrierboard made from unbleached kraft contains up to 25 percent recovered fiber, while carrierboard made from recycled paperboard contains up to 100 percent recovered fiber.

    Miscellaneous Paper Products

    Tray liners presently are the only product in the Miscellaneous Paper category. Sometimes referred to as “doilies” or “place mats,” tray liners are specialty paper items designed to line food service trays in institutional and commercial restaurants and cafeterias in schools, hospitals, prisons and private facilities.

    Recommended Recovered Fiber Content Levels for Miscellaneous Paper Products

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    Posted on: December 17th, 2015 by Julie Bestry | No Comments

    Posted on: December 17th, 2015 by Julie Bestry | No Comments

    Serendipity is an interesting thing. Last year, an unexpected project introduced me to a wide-format clipboard, and a little research into that novelty turned into a revelation about the option of landscape-oriented office supplies. At the time, I mentioned the relative rarity of landscape-formatted writing pads, sourced one, and promptly left behind about them.

    Then, just this week, while attempting to solve the conundrum of my dearest (and abruptly unavailable) purple legal pads. two different blogs would prove to be the inspiration for this post. But not because they were profiling pastels — because they talking about writing pads with landscape orientation .

    All of a sudden, that previously discovered line of landscape-orientation, Roaring Springs Broad LandscapePads , have become this week’s must-have office supply. They come in four varieties:

    • 11″ x 9.Five″, WHITE, college-ruled. Each pad includes 40 sheets of 20-pound, 30% post-consumer recycled paper per pad, with left-side margins. Micro-perforations at the top yield an 11″ x 8.Five″ sheet. (Available singly or in two-pad packs.)
    • 11″ x 9.Five″, CANARY (yellow), college-ruled. Each pad includes 40 sheets of 20-pound, 30% post-consumer recycled paper per pad, with left-side margins. Mirco-perforations at the top yield an 11″ x 8.Five″ sheet. (Available singly or in two-pad packs.)
    • 11″ x 9.Five″, ASSORTED* PASTELS (orchid, pink and blue), college-ruled. Each pad includes 40 sheets of 15-pound 30% post-consumer recycled paper per pad, consumer recycled paper, with left-side margins. Micro-perforations at the top yield an 11″ x 8.Five″ sheet. (Available in three-pad packs .)
  • 11″ x 9.Five″, WHITE, gridded with Five×Five graph paper. Each pad includes 40 sheets of 20-pound, 30% post-consumer recycled paper per pad, with left-side margins and micro-perforations at the top. (Sold singly and in packs of two, four and six .)
  • Punched (for effortless storage in traditional three-ring binders)

  • 11″ x 9.Five″, WHITE, college-ruled, three-hole-punched across the top. Each pad includes 75 sheets of 20-pound, 30% post-consumer recycled paper per pad, with left-side margins, backed by an extra-stiff 80-pt. chipboard backing. Mirco-perforations at the top yield an 11″ x 8.Five″ sheet. (Sold in singly .)
  • 11″ x 9.Five″, CANARY (yellow), college-ruled, three-hole-punched across the top. Each pad includes 75 sheets of 20-pound, 30% post-consumer recycled paper per pad, with left-side margins, backed by an extra-stiff 80-pt. chipboard backing. Micro-perforations at the top yield an 11″ x 8.Five″ sheet. (Sold singly .)
  • 8″ x 6″, WHITE, college-ruled. Each pad includes 40 sheets of 20-pound, 30% post-consumer recycled paper per pad, with left-side margins. Micro-perforations at the top yield an 8″ x Five″ sheet. (Available as individual pads or in multi-packs .)
  • 8″ x 6″, CANARY (yellow), college-ruled. Each pad includes 40 sheets of 20-pound, 30% post-consumer recycled paper per pad, with left-side margins. Micro-perforations at the top yield an 8″ x Five″ sheet. (Available as individual pads in multi-packs .)
  • 8″ x 6″, ASSORTED* PASTELS (orchid, pink and blue), college-ruled. Each pad includes 40 sheets of 15-pound 30% post-consumer recycled paper per pad, consumer recycled paper, with left-side margins. Micro-perforations at the top yield an 8″ x Five″ sheet. (Available in three-pad assorted packs .)
  • *Note: Assorted pastel pads are listed on the website as 50 sheets/pad, but specifications and packaging verify they are 40 sheets/pad.

    Roaring Springs Broad Landscape Pads are sold in office supply stores and on Amazon, and range from $Five.28 for single pads to $13 for three-packs.

    Thanks to Office Supply Geek for reminding me that these pads exist, and The Well-Appointed Desk. for inspiring me to dig more deeply.

    At very first glance, landscape notepads may look a little funny to us — one client said she thought if legal pads were business suits, these landscape pads were more like crop tops. The question, however, is what can you do with them? In fact, Office Supply Geek ‘s Brian Greene actually stated, «To be totally fair, after having them in my palms I still don’t indeed know what I’d do with them that I wouldn’t do with a regular legal pad.»

    Well, Brian, that’s why Paper Doll is here!

    Most of the time, when we hand-write, we are in portrait mode, and it usually makes sense. However, I can think of a sampling of reasons why we might want to have some side-to-side breathing room.

    1) Notetaking — When we’re taking notes in a committee meeting or for class, we’re often creating a linear, outline-style set of notes. But, as we discussed when we reviewed the exceptional Cornell Notetaking Method. we need to make room for cues or other special attention-getting markings on the left side.

    With traditional 8.Five″ broad paper, that either reduces our notetaking space or compels us to write in the narrow margin, making it more likely that we’ll get inky smudges on that all-important cue-section. Landscape orientation provides more breathing room.

    Two) Ergonomics — Look at the available space on and around your desk. If your computer is in front of you, your keyboard is most likely somewhere inbetween elbow-and-wrist distance away, not leaving you very much space for alternating typed notes and handwritten notes. Because of that limited space, you may find you’re turning your traditional (portrait-orientation) notepad sideways, with the top to your left (unless you’re a southpaw). This lets you take written notes, but you’re most likely twisting at the mid-body to do so. This is not sustainable or ergonomically friendly.

    Three) Expansive thought — When we take notes, journal, free-write, or craft letters, we’re often thinking linearly. It’s effortless to go after a unidirectional flow of ideas, or paths, with a narrower chunk of paper. When we’re on the computer, using Microsoft Word or any other word processing program, unless we’re using design features for creating signs or brochures, we echo that same tall/narrow format.

    But what happens when we want to think more broadly (no pun intended)? When we’re on the computer, using a spreadsheet like Excel, we create numerous columns so that we can visualize information best seen side-by-side, like numerous fields in a record. But what’s the paper version? I can think of a number of times when I’ve been working with a client to brainstorm ideas in parallel (like how different departments will treat particular situations), and we end up turning a notepad sideways. The lines go the wrong way, and the content gets messy ; it suffices, but it’s not optimum.

    Four) Mind mappingPaper Doll is a fairly linear thinker, but when I’m attempting to mind-map, or showcase the relationship inbetween different processes, or do anything that’s more visual, I need more space. With some clients, we may choose mind mapping software or apps like MindNode or XMind. but we often find that an analog solution is swifter and more instant. Most often, we end up using numerous Post-It! Notes on a wall or window. That’s excellent when we’re in a house or office, but not so optimal when we’re in the field (even in a field), in a warehouse, or going mobile. That’s where these landscape notepads (and the aforementioned landscape clipboards) indeed come into their own.

    Five) Flow Charts — It might not be instantaneously apparent, but a number of law students have posted online comments regarding how landscape writing pads make it lighter to visualize case-law timelines, precedents and conceptual flow. Scientists have also reported that wide-format paper helps conceptualize scientific reactions more clearly.

    6) Computer/TV Screen Dimensions — Tablets and phones aside, we spend a lot of time looking at screens in landscape orientation, and sometimes we still need to make our analog notes approximate what we’re observing, or make our digital notes approximate what we’d like to be watching on the screen. Writing pads that parallel those dimensions are helpful.

    Granted, web designers are more likely to use paper prototyping implements like the kind we discussed in Tech Planning on Paper: From Old-Fashioned to Cutting Edge. but the rest of us just need a good lump of paper that’s broader than it is tall.

    Oh, but you ARE a web designer (or you play one on television)? Well, then, UI Stencils’ landscape-orientation Responsive Sketchpad may be just what you want.

    Printed on both sides, the landscape-orientation, letter-sized pad is dot-gridded (150 PPI), includes fields for a project’s name, screen, date of work, and notes, as well as two device silhouettes on the front and three on the switch sides.

    The Responsive Sketchpad comes 50 sheets/pad, with a cardboard backing and rounded bottom corners. It runs $12.95/pad and is available at discounted rates in three-packs, five-packs and with other UI Stencils’ sketchpads.

    Upgrading the Landscape

    The Roaring Springs Broad LandscapePads, as well as the more tech oriented UI Stencils’ Responsive Sketchpads, aren’t the haute couture of office supplies. You’ve got something to say, and you can get it down. Function is generally prioritized over form. The Roaring Springs pads are made of recycled paper, and the concentrate for all is in on utility rather than beauty.

    As Ana Reinert pointed out in this week’s The Well-Appointed Desk’s «Ask the Desk» feature. there’s an assumption among notebook/notepad makers that landscape orientation is for the visual artists and not for the scribblers, writers, note-takers and wordsmiths. I think that’s short-sighted, and a bit of frustration.

    Ana’s post suggested up some options for the individual who asked «the Desk» about finding attractive, non-black, fountain-pen-friendly landscape-oriented notebooks. Tall order! The Well-Appointed Desk covered a nice multitude of these, but most of the options were for unlined sketchbook-type pages. For those of us looking for a broad spot in the road to make our (written) mark, the choices are limited. There are handmade options, of course, but whether we’re talking bespoke Etsy creations or fin Italian handcrafted leather bindings, veering from the ordinary is not inexpensive .

    How limited are the choices? One of the only mid-range lined landscape-orientation notebooks I found was an intriguingly named Duller Croquis Note. It’s manufactured in Japan by I.D.E.A. Internationals, with a German name, as part of the Schreibwaren Kollektion. The website is only written in Japanese (the English-language URL yields an error), and the only English-language sales information I could find was through AAREVALO Ltd. in London!

    The notebook contains recycled paper and a mysteriously unexplained «specially textured writing surface.» There’s a «practical pocket» on the back cover, and the notebook also comes in black or light grey.
    So, a Japanese company, selling a notebook described in German, is most lightly accessed through a British stationery company’s online catalog. It shouldn’t have to be so hard!

    It’s a little bit shocking that the go-to journal purveyor for hipsters, scholars, soccer moms and pundits, Moleskine, doesn’t have a single lined landscape-orientation journal or notebook. There indeed should be other widely available options aside from the Rhodia lined landscape Webnotebooks . with orange or black covers.

    Paper Doll will be on the lookout (across the landscape, and over the horizon). Until then, I welcome your ideas for how you’d use landscape notepads and notebooks. and hope you will share your resources for finding lined landscape-orientation journals, notebooks and otherwise upscale writing pads.

    Paper Doll Post:

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