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Business Systems Research Journal

Business Systems Research Journal

How to Write and Publish A Scientific Paper: A Closer Look to Eastern European Economics, Business and Management Journals


Background: Scientific research publishing carries significant role in the development of the society. Apart from the dissemination of skill, there are also motives for publication of scientific research results at the level of individual researchers. Objectives: The aim of the paper is to propose elementary, yet very applicable advice when pursuing the publication of a paper in a scientific journal providing a closer look to economics, business and management journals that concentrate on Eastern European countries. Methods/Treatment: The Four Cs model of scientific writing and publication is introduced, based on four questions: (1) How to pick a topic relevant for publication?; (Two) How to select a journal for possible publication?; (Trio) How to structure the paper in accordance with the IMRAD format. and (Four) How to efficiently write the paper? Results: Step-by-step application of the 4C’s model is introduced in the paper with an outlook to economics, business and management journals that concentrate on Eastern European countries. Conclusions: Publication in a scientific journal is an significant venue for scientific researchers. In preparing the presentation of the scientific research results for the publication, number of issues relating content, style, composition and presentation should be taken into account.


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Fountain Pen Paper Recommendations

Fountain Pen Paper Recommendations

Fountain Pen Paper Recommendations

Selecting a paper for your fountain pen is like pairing a fine wine with cheese—different combinations bring out the subtleties and unique flavors of both. In the same way, finding a good paper permits you to realize the total potential of your fountain pen and ink, adding another dimension to both the pen and paper. There are many things to consider when selecting the best paper suitable for your fountain pen. We delve into those considerations below, but skip to end if you just want to see our attempted and true recommendations that work well with most fountain pens!

A crisp, clean white is the standard for most fountain pen paper, but soft, pearly paper is also available as an option that’s lighter on the eyes. The brightness of white paper may vary across different manufacturers. For inks to display their true color, a bright white paper is the best choice. If white and fluid don’t speak to you, Midori makes a range of colorful notebooks with matching colored paper that are fountain-pen-friendly!

The dreaded effect of feathering occurs when the ink spreads through a paper’s fibers, resulting in an unattractive, web-like mess. Low quality paper is more prone to feathering while higher quality paper is specifically designed to fight back the spreading of ink along its fibers. Aside from the paper itself, nib size and the nature of the ink also play a role in the degree of feathering.

Bleed-Through and Show-Through

Bleed-through occurs when a paper is too skinny or too absorbent, or when a fountain pen is particularly inky and humid. The fiber on fountain pen paper is specifically woven to prevent bleed-through, but you may still see traces of what you’ve written through the other side of the paper, known as show-through. Show-through level depends on the opacity of the paper, mostly affected by its thickness. A thicker paper will naturally have less show-through.

Given a certain ink formulation, the dry time varies by a paper’s absorbency—the greater the absorbency, the shorter the dry time. However, a paper’s absorbency is inversely correlated with it’s smoothness; in other words a paper that is more absorbent will tend to also be harsher to write on. In practice, you will have to choose a balance inbetween a brief dry time and writing smoothness.

Like regular paper, fountain pen paper comes in a range of sheet styles, from lined to blank to grid. A popular option is Rhodia’s dot grid ruling where light gray dots are arranged in a grid pattern, providing a nice guideline for writing without being intrusive. For those who choose blank sheets, some manufacturers will include a template that you can layer behind the paper to help you keep your writing straight. To read more about sheet styles, see our Paper Notebooks Explained article.

To fully take advantage of a fountain pen’s sleek flowing ink, an identically slick paper is a must. Usually, the decorating on the paper affects its smoothness level. A fully decorated paper is slimy, making it difficult for the ink to absorb and dry. However, an uncoated paper is often toothy, which is difficult for fountain pen nibs to slide across. We recommend a half decorated paper for a slick writing practice and reasonable dry time.

You don’t have to break the bank to get a good paper to pair with your fountain pens. Generally, paper made especially for fountain pen use will be more expensive, but we have a duo of finds below that aren’t specifically designated for fountain pens, but are fountain-pen-friendly at a lower price point.

Fountain Pen Paper Recommendations

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  • A good introductory paragraph 1. gets your reader’s attention, Two. introduces your topic, and Three. presents your stance on the topic (thesis).


Right after your title is the introductory paragraph. Like an appetizer for a meal, the introductory paragraph sets up the reader’s palate and gives him a foretaste of what is to come. You want embark your paper on a positive note by putting forward the best writing possible.

Like writing the title, you can wait to write your introductory paragraph until you are done with the figure of the paper. Some people choose to do it this way since they want to know exactly where their paper goes before they make an introduction to it. When you write your introductory paragraph is a matter of individual preference.

Your introductory paragraph needs to accomplish three main things: it must 1. grip your reader, Two. introduce your topic, and Trio. present your stance on the topic (in the form of your thesis statement). If you’re writing a large academic paper, you’ll also want to contextualize your paper’s claim by discussing points other writers have made on the topic.

There are a multiplicity of ways this can be achieved. Some writers find it useful to put a quote at the beginning of the introductory paragraph. This is often an effective way of getting the attention of your reader:

«Thomas Jefferson’s statement in the Declaration of Independence that «all boys are created equal» seems contrary to the way he actually lived his life, bringing into question the difference inbetween the man’s public and private lives…»

Hmm. Interesting…Tell me more. This introduction has set off the paper with an interesting quote and makes the reader want to proceed reading. How has Jefferson’s public life differed from his private life? Notice how this introduction also helps framework the paper. Now the reader expects to learn about the duality of Thomas Jefferson’s life.

Another common method of opening a paper is to provide a startling statistic or fact. This treatment is most useful in essays that relate to current issues, rather than English or scientific essays.

«The fact that one in every five teenagers inbetween the ages of thirteen and fifteen smokes calls into question the efficacy of laws prohibiting advertising cigarettes to children…»

The reader is given an interesting statistic to chew on (the fact that so many children smoke) while you set up your paper. Now your reader is expecting to read an essay on cigarette advertising laws.

When writing English papers, introducing your topic includes introducing your author and the aspect of the text that you’ll be analyzing.

«Love is a widely felt emotion. In The Count of Monte Cristo. Alexandre Dumas uses the universality of love to develop a connection with his reader…»

Here, the reader is introduced to the chunk of text that will be analyzed, the author, and the essay topic. Nice.

The previous sample introduction contains a general sentence at the beginning that bring up a very broad topic: love. From there, the introductory paragraph whittles down to something more specific:
how Dumas uses love in his novel to develop a connection with the reader. You’d expect this paragraph to march right on down to the thesis statement,
which belongs at the end of the introductory paragraph. Good introductory paragraphs often have this ‘funnel’ sort of format-going from something broad (such as love) to something more specific until the thesis is introduced.

Attempt to avoid the some of the more hackneyed openers:

  • «Have you ever wondered why…»
  • «Webster’s dictionary defines…»
  • «X is a very significant issue facing America today…»
  • Proceed to Figure Paragraphs>>

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    Proceed reading.

    Volcanoes are fuckholes or vents in the Earth’s crust, created when torrid hot magma under the crust
    of the Earth is compelled upward to the surface. Magma collects in a chamber underneath the crust,
    pressure builds up and coerces it up through cracks or fissure and a conduit to the surface is
    created. Hot gases attempt to escape but are trapped in the magma. The surface of the Earth embarks to
    bulge until the pressure can no longer be contained. Gases and fragments are released in a violent
    explosion called a volcanic eruption.

    A volcano can pour out many times in its lifetime. The material released over many eruptions
    step by step builds up a cone shaped mountain. In the center of the mountain is a vent called the
    central vent, there can be smaller side vents that come off of the central vent. In many volcanoes
    there is a cup shaped crater at the top of the central vent. Under the volcano there is a large
    magma chamber where the magma is. The explosive power of a volcano depends on how much

    How to Cite this Page

    MLA Citation:
    “Volcanoes.” 27 May 2017

    Essay on Myths of Volcanoes – Myths and legends are everywhere. There are legends of people from long ago, myths of ancient Greeks. There are myths and legends of almost everything, including volcanoes. Myths of their creation, of why they explode. Myths and legends of various gods controlling their own volcanoes. There is a story for almost every volcano. The amount of legends and myths concerning volcanoes is fairly extensive, ranging from Hephaestus to Vulcan and everything in inbetween. It’s very interesting to know what people thought of volcanoes when the myths were made; myths about volcano are as captivating as other myths. [tags: Myths]

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    Volcanoes Essay – Volcanoes Volcanoes are natural phenomena which are on the Earth’s surface through which steamy rock and gases escape from below the surface (Tarbuck, 139). These volcanoes are very interesting to observe and to investigate because of their amazing occurrences and majestic lava eruptions. Volcanoes have been studied ever since the beginning of mankind and the word “volcano” is thought to be derived from Vulcano, a volcanic island in the Aeolian Islands of Italy whose name in turn originates from Vulcan, the name of a god of fire in Roman mythology. [tags: Natural Disasters ]
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    Hawaiian Volcanoes Essay – I. Summary This paper will provide information on the volcanoes of Hawaii, where it is known to be the home of one of the world’s largest volcanic islands, merely 2nd to Iceland. It is not just the beautiful landscapes and wildlife that spark the interest to this particular area, but the uniqueness of the Hawaiian volcanoes and islands themselves are what make the area so significant. There will be information spanning from the history of the origin of the islands to how Hawaii must adjust to the volcanic hazards in order to keep the area livable. [tags: Geography ]
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    Volcanoes Essay – Volcanoes Volcanoes are fuckholes or vents in the Earth’s crust, created when torrid hot magma under the crust of the Earth is compelled upward to the surface. Magma collects in a chamber underneath the crust, pressure builds up and compels it up through cracks or fissure and a conduit to the surface is created. Hot gases attempt to escape but are trapped in the magma. The surface of the Earth commences to bulge until the pressure can no longer be contained. [tags: Papers]

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    Volcanoes Essay – Volcanoes Volcanoes are one of the most disruptive yet fascinating geological land forms in our natural environment. They consist of a fissure in the earth’s crust above which a cone of volcanic material has accumulated. The cone is formed by the deposition of hot or solid matter that flows from the interior of the earth through an indented vent, called a crater, which is found at the top of the cone. In this report I will discuss different states of volcanic activity, different forms of volcanoes and their properties and locations. [tags: Papers]

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    Volcanoes Essay – Volcanoes Distribution Volcanoes can be described as being tectonic hazards that occur in many parts of the world. The distribution of volcanoes is closely linked with the positioning of the tectonic plate boundaries across the globe. Today there are about 500 active volcanoes in the world. The world map of volcanoes in your atlas shows that the most volcanic activity occurs along the West coasts of North and South America, (along the Rockies and Andes) and the coasts of many Far East countries (in areas like Japan, China etc). [tags: Papers]

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    Volcanoes Essay – Volcanoes This paper will define and discuss the volcano to include: types of volcanoes, formation of a volcano, and elements of a volcano; such as, lava, rock fragments, and gas. This paper also tells a little bit about volcanic activity in different parts of the world. What is a volcano. A volcano is a vent in the earth from which torrid rock and gas pour out. The super hot rock that pours out from the volcano forms a hill or mountain around the vent. The lava may flow out as a viscous liquid or it may explode from the vent as solid or liquid particles. [tags: Volcano Nature Lava Eruption Essays]
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    Volcanoes Essay – A Look Into Volcanoes I. Introduction Volcano: defined is a mountain or hill formed by the accumulation of materials erupted through one or more openings (called volcanic vents) in the earth’s surface. The term volcano can also refer to the vents themselves. Most volcanoes have steep sides, but some can be gently sloping mountains or even plane tablelands, plateaus, or plains. The volcanoes above sea level are the best known, but the vast majority of the world’s volcanoes lie underneath the sea, formed along the global oceanic ridge systems that crisscross the deep ocean floor. [tags: essays research papers fc]
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    Volcanoes Essay – Affects of Volcanoes The plates which are about 20 miles thick, make up the earth’s crust and are a chief cause of volcanic activity. These plates are always in movability. They stir very leisurely, however some at times bump in to each other. These movements put a lot of pressure on the surface rock. Volcanoes obtain their energies from such movement and pressure. Volcanoes form at the boundaries of these plate where two types of movement occurs, two plates will collide with each other or the plates will stir apart from each other. [tags: essays research papers]

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    Super Volcanoes Essay – Super Volcanoes There is no exact definition for a super volcano, but the expression is often used to refer to volcanoes that have produced extraordinarily large eruptions in the past. When one of these large eruptions occurs, a enormous amount of material is blasted out of the super volcano, leaving a massive crater or caldera. A caldera can be as much as forty or fifty miles broad. At Yellowstone, the caldera is so big that it includes a fair amount of the entire park. In effect, it is so big that at very first scientists didn’t see the state a caldera had until it was photographed from space. [tags: Papers]

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    gas is trapped in the magma. When there is a lot of gas trapped in the magma the eruptions are
    more explosive, and when there is less gas the eruptions are less explosive. Magma trickles out of
    the volcano in the form of lava. The lava expelled from an erupting volcano lodges on the sides of
    the volcanic mountain and cools forming a hard crust of brand spankin fresh earth. Depending on
    how much lava and tephra build up different types of volcanoes can be formed.

    There are three major types of volcanoes, cinder cone volcanoes, composite volcanoes, and
    shield volcanoes. Cinder cone volcanoes are puny volcanic mountains made up exclusively of
    fragmented lava that gushes explosively and is made up of cinders. Cinder cones usually have a
    brief life, that is why they are fairly puny. The 2nd major type of volcano, the composite
    volcano, in contrast to the cinder cone can grow much larger. One famous example of a
    composite volcano is Mt. Fuji in Japan. The third type of volcano is the shield volcano. Shield
    volcanoes are gently sloping mound shaped volcanoes formed by feeble eruptions with liquid lava
    that spreads out around the crater.

    Volcanoes are permanently switching the face of Earth. Even tho’ they are sometimes deadly,
    volcanoes are an significant part of the Earth’s geology and they help humans to better understand
    the internal processes that form our planet.

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    • Science/Volcano Facts term paper 5778

      Disclaimer: Free essays on Science posted on this site were donated by anonymous users and are provided for informational use only. The free Science research paper (Volcano Facts essay ) introduced on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service. If you need fresh and competent research / writing on Science, use the professional writing service suggested by our company.

      Hot! Fire! Destruction! These are words that most

      people associate with volcanoes. But some good effects can

      come out of volcanoes. Volcanoes also have their own

      special mythology associated with them. A lot of volcanoes

      have some general characteristics in common. There are many

      volcanoes around the world and some have special

      characteristics. So come along and take a tour with me into

      the wonderful and titillating world of volcanoes.

      Over 550 volcanoes have erupted on the surface of the

      Earth since human kind has been able to record history.

      Their destructiveness has claimed the lives of over 200,000

      people during the last 500 years with 26,000 deaths inbetween

      1980 and 1990 alone. They have also cause an innumerable

      amount of property harm.

      The largest eruption of the twentieth century was the

      eruption of Novarupta on the peninsula of Alaska. The

      amount of lava that erupted measured to toughly 15 cubic

      kilometers! All of the lava erupted equaled to the amount

      of 30 times the amount of lava that came from Climb on Saint

      Helens and it is also the equivalent of 230 years of

      eruptions at Climb on Kilauea. The eruption lasted for 60

      hours on June 6, 1920.

      The thickest eruption, despite its size, was not the

      most disruptive, for the most disruptive was the eruption

      of Climb on Saint Helens in Oregon during the week of May 18th,

      1980. This eruption mainly caused just loss of property,

      because many people didn’t expect the volcano to spew out.

      Albeit some people did die, this volcano was kind of powerless

      compared to the size of the eruption and amount of lives

      lost in other eruptions like Tambora, Indonesia in 1815

      where 92,000 people died.

      Despite all of these bad effects, some life still

      shines through these tragedies. For example the ash that a

      volcano spews out covers many square miles of plants and

      trees. This holds in water and waters plants. The ash also

      contains many nutrients that plants use. A little more than

      80 percent of the Earth’s surface is volcanic in origin,

      meaning that most of the Earth’s surface was formed by

      volcanoes. Also, magma deposits warmth water underground

      which produces geothermal energy.

      The word volcano comes from an island off of the coast

      of Sicily called Vulcano. The people of Sicily thought that

      the clouds of dust and spurts of lava were made from Vulcan,

      the blacksmith for the Roman Gods. They believed that

      Vulcan forged thunderbolts for Zeus and weapons for Mars on

      Out of the 550 of the world’s active volcanoes, the

      world’s largest active volcano is Mauna Loa, it is one of

      the Hawaiian islands. The island protrudes around 13,677

      feet above sea level; while the entire island was formed by

      an underwater volcano, this brings it 28,000 feet above the

      ocean floor where it began. From the base underwater to

      the summit above water, this volcano stands higher than

      There are two main types of volcanoes out there in the

      world today, the very first is felsic, and the 2nd is mafic.

      Felsic volcanoes have a high silica content and a light

      color to the lava. The 2nd, mafic, has just the

      opposite, a low silica content and a darker color.

      Then there are underwater volcanoes and above ground

      volcanoes. The underwater volcanoes are less known about

      than above ground for the evident reason that they are seen

      when they are above ground. Underwater volcanoes produce

      some things called black smokers, they are basically just

      ash as well as black smoke that combine and warmth up water to

      boiling temperatures. An interesting fact about underwater

      volcanoes is that some islands have been formed by lava

      eruptions building up year after year. An island chain that

      is very well known that has been formed by this process is

      the chain of the Hawaiian Island chain. This chain also

      includes the world’s largest volcano, Mauna Lao, which, when

      you count the amount underwater and the amount above water

      is taller than Climb on Everest.

      Some volcanoes have been found in our solar system that

      are not on the planet Earth. One volcano, which is the

      largest one in our solar system, is Climb on Olympus Mons on

      the planet Mars. This is the only volcano found on the

      planet mars. There are also numerous volcanoes found on Io,

      a moon of the planet Jupiter. These volcanoes also display

      that some plate tectonics on Io, even tho’ no plate

      tectonics is believed to have occurred on Mars.

      Volcanoes form when magma, melted rock underground (it

      is called lava when it reaches the surface) (most of it

      forms around 50 to 100 miles underground), when the magma

      mixes with gas and rises, pressure builds against the

      surface, the magma violates through and you get a volcano.

      Shield volcanoes form when a lot of lava spills out of

      a vent and goes in a broad, flatter area. Another type of

      different volcano is a cinder cone. Cinder cones are made

      when tephra, thick drops of magma, pours out from a vent in the

      ground and comes back down then accumulates. A famous one

      is ParicutГѓВ­n in western Mexico. It commenced to form in 1943

      in the middle of a farmer’s corn field, then it began to

      stop in 1952. When it was finished, the cinder cone was

      1,345 feet higher than the base. Then there are composite

      volcanoes which form when tephra and lava spew out from the

      same vent. One example of this is Pompeii and Japan’s Climb on

      When all of the magma is drained out of the chambers of

      the volcanoes, called magma chambers, sometimes the volcano

      can’t support itself and collapses, this leaves a crater

      called a caldera.

      So, I hope that you have learned about some specific

      volcanoes as well as the properties that go along with them

      (even if they are bad). I also hope that you found out that

      volcanoes aren’t all that bad.

      World Book Encyclopedia, Book U-V, pg.462-pg.467

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    Quantifying the work of copy editors

    Quantifying the work of copy editors

    The essay is based on a presentation by the author at the 11th International Conference of EASE, Tallinn, June 2012.


    Copy editors typically work on word-processor files, which track switches made to the text. They also query the authors through comments in the text. At present there is no automated way to quantify the copy editing, and the amount of work is typically assessed by word count of the original document or the time spent by the copy editor. These are poor substitutes, and do not indeed measure what has been done to the manuscript. This article proposes some approaches to quantifying a range of corrections made by copy editors.


    Joshi, Yateendra. “Quantifying the work of copy editors.” European Science Editing 39 no. Four (2013)

    View total article here


    Quantifying the work of copy editors.pdf

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